Living near a large water body that has a communication route can be very enticing. You always get the urge to use the waterway. So, you need a transportation medium. But how do you get one? If you want to build it on your own, how should you start?
On the other hand, if you are a beginner at the boat making a profession, then you need some guidance to start the process. Let this article be of some help because here, you shall get all the necessary information on how to build a wooden boat.
Which Model of Wooden Boat to Build?
If you are planning to build a boat alone, then the wise decision would be to make a small boat. Even if you have a big team of people, Wood, and small boats go hand in hand. Nonetheless, if a larger boat is what you need, then do not hesitate to use metal.
There are different models of a smaller boat, such as a canoe, sail-boat, or a dory. All these models are small, but they have different interiors and process altogether. If you want a simple, easy to build a boat, then go for a dory.
However, you will not get the sail factor with this model. To use a ballast or a sail, you need a canoe or a sail-boat.
Which Wood Should You Use?
After you have decided on the model, it is time to choose the heart of the product – the material. However, if you did not already know, you cannot use random wooden species to build a boat (for more detailed information; Wooden U Know). You need a material that has strength, is lightweight, and can resist water.
Only a few species fit that narrative, and among them are teak, cedar, and plywood. Each of these materials has its pros and cons, but if you are a beginner, then working with plywood will be the easiest. But, if you are brave, you can apply the following knowledge on other materials too.
We are not talking about building a random box or a simple wardrobe. If you want to make a boat, you will need clear visuals, a blueprint that can help you along the way. Knowing the exact dimensions is the key to building a ship.
Since such a vehicle has many curves inward and outward, you cannot wing out the process. A slight degree off can mess up the whole process. So, to start strong, draw your boat on paper, and measure the specifics.
You can consult with professionals to know the exact measurements or take help from the internet. If you are indeed a professional, consult with your peers to confirm that your design has the right specifications.
Aside from Wood, you will need several other products to build this vehicle. Screws, gauges of different lengths, wood staplers, and woodcutters are some of the necessary materials you must have to make a boat. Depending on the type of Wood, you will need timber, floorboards, seat measurements, and bits, and nails.
Of course, to protect yourself from a potential injury, you should always carry goggles, breathing masks, and disposable gloves. The gloves will protect your hands from glue, epoxy, and regular sticky things you will go through while building the boat. Do not forget fiberglass for the boat hull.
Among heavy tools, you will need belt sanders, power-drills, several woodturning tools, and heavy-duty dividers. And last but not least, water-resistant paint for the finishing touch.
Now that you have the tools and the design, it is time to create a prototype. Do not grab the Wood just yet because you will be using cardboard for making the prototype. Using cardboard will not only be more accessible but also cost-effective.
Making a prototype will help you realize your dimension errors and will let you know how feasible the design is. The cardboard model will also draw an accurate representation of the shape and size of the boat. So, if you do not like how the model looks, you can change the design and start all over again.
To make the boat, you will have to start with the transom and rib. Making these will not need heavy tools. Some heavy-duty glue and clamps should do the work. However, make sure to pre-sand the ribs, in-wales, keels, and chines.
Then start on the framework with some timber and only bend where it naturally bends, the force will break the piece in half.
Use angle brackets to hold the in-wales and chines in place and accurately align them with the transom and rib. Cut a bottom portion of the stem to fit the keel and continue adding more ribs. After you add all the centerpieces, the boat should have a skeleton, at which point you should glue it down.
Through fairing, you can ensure that the bottom of the boat is in excellent shape for attaching the plywood. You should now be able to connect the plywood and seats on the boat, and this process is enjoyable as the ship takes a final form.
Tip the boat upside down for the epoxy and coat the bottom with fiberglass matt. Apply a generous layer of resin and epoxy to the outer portion of the mode. Let it dry overnight, and in the morning, it should have hardened.
The next step is to apply the resin only to the interior. With sanding and a beautiful coat of paint, your boat should be ready for sailing.
Maintain the Boat
Since Wood is a natural product, it needs some form of maintenance. For the most part, it is secure. A significant step is to keep the boat dry. Yes, you cannot leave the boat on water after the ride is over. Beware during seasons when the moisture level is high and always rinse the ship down to remove bilge water.
If you want to keep the boat dry, you should also keep it clean and dirt-free. Dirt naturally attracts moisture, and if it accumulates, it will soon become a rot fest. Always keep the deck clean, and the sails washed. Regular paint-job should also help in avoiding internal rotting.
The process of making something this handy is not easy, and it will take time and dedication. Most importantly, you will need to research a lot before you can nail a real boat. So, we wish you all the best and hope that you can set your sail very soon!